“Byagghapajja, these four things lead to the welfare and happiness of a layperson in this life. What four? Accomplishment in initiative, protection, good friendship, and balanced finances.”
Insight from SuttaTopic: Lay Person PrioritiesAccording to Buddha teaching, Dhīghajānu sutta, a layperson who leads to the welfare and happiness in this life, need four things are as follow;
(1) Uṭṭhanasampadā – Accomplishment in initiative (effort),
(2) Ārakkhasampdā – Protection on his properties,
(3) Kalyānamittatā – Good friendship, and
(4) Samajīvitā – Balanced finances.(Dhīghajānu sutta, https://suttacentral.net/an8.54/en/sujato)
Meditation TrainingThe Buddha taught the layperson the Dhamma in a way that leads to his welfare and happiness in this life and in future life.Kalyānamittatā- good friendship is very important. You have also the qualities or factors of the good friendship as well. The four factors are accomplishment in saddhā-faith, sīla-ethic, cāga- generosity, and paññā- wisdom that means Vipassanā (insight meditation).
Accomplishment in Faith; A gentleman has faith in the realized One’s awakening: ‘That Blessed One is perfected, a fully awakened Buddha who penetrated on four noble truths himself.
Accomplishment in Ethic; the gentleman, the layperson should has five precepts which are as follows;abstaining from killing any living creature,abstaining from taking what is not given,abstaining from sexual misconduct,abstaining from telling lies,abstaining from taking or using intoxicants including narcotic drugs that can lead one to forgetfulness.
Accomplishment in generosity; he lives at home rid of the stain of stinginess, freely generous, open-handed, loving to let go, committed to charity, loving to give and to share.
Accomplishment in wisdom; he is wise. He has to contemplate on mind and matter as arising and passing away (impermanence) which is noble, penetrative, and leads to complete ending of suffering (Nirodha saccā) that is Nibbāna. He penetrated the four noble truths like a Visākhā ( a donor of Puppāraṁ monastery of Buddha’s period) who she was a first stream winner, Sotāpanna.
– You will see Nibbāna if you discern the arising and passing way of phenomena. You must follow to the end of it (i.e., impermanence)
– You can contemplate anyone of the five aggregates (khandhas) when it comes to an end will see Nibbāna.
– Without a teacher (a good friendship- Kalyānamittatā), you will have confused view and misunderstanding.
Worldlings are very strong in arguments because of their talkativeness. (Ref: Kiṁsupama sutta and Mogok Sayadaw’s dhamma talk at 11th January 1961)
-Vipassanā magga (insight path) sees and realizes phenomenon of arising and perishing.
– As the time of Vipassanā meditation is ripe, Lokuttara Magga (the True path or Supramundane Path) that sees and realizes the cessation of arising and perishing comes in. Arising and perishing ceases.
– Suffering of birth or rebirth, suffering of old age or decay, suffering of sickness or disease and suffering of death or passing away come to an end.
– Bodily pains are no more. Miseries and worries never come again. Sorrows, lamentations, grief and despair cease. Nibbāna (absolute lasting peace) is attained. Nirodha (cessation of suffering) is realized forever.(Ref: https://suttacentral.net/mn10/en/sujato, Mahāsatipaṭṭāna sutta and Mogok Sayadaw’s dhamma talk, Trans by U Myat Htu)