The Daily Cushion, “Sankhara Thought Formation Influence all 12 Links of Samsara”

“Sankhara Thought Formations Influence All 12 Links of Samsara.” By Uzine Kundala

“Thus, O monks, through ignorance conditioned are kamma-formations; through the kamma-formations conditioned is consciousness; through consciousness conditioned is mind-and-body; through mind-and-body conditioned are the six sense-bases; through the six sense-bases conditioned is sense-impression; through sense-impression conditioned is feeling, through feeling conditioned is craving; through craving conditioned is clinging; through clinging conditioned is becoming; through becoming conditioned is birth; through birth conditioned are decay and death, sorrow, lamentation, pain, grief and despair. Thus arises this whole mass of suffering.”…/sn12/sn12.011.nypo.htm

Insight from SuttaTopic:

Saṅkhāra Mind Conditions is Connected to 12 Saṁsara Links By Ven. Kundala_ What is the dependent origination?

In pāḷi, Paṭiccasamuppāda, a combination of three constituent words, i.e. ‘Paṭicca’ means ‘because of’ or ‘dependent upon’, ‘saṁ’ means ‘well’, uppada means ‘arising of effect as a consequence of one or more conditions.

– This doctrine is known to the world as dependent origination or dependent co-arising or wheel of existence or cycle of rebirth.

– The Buddha lists saṅkhāra (mind condition or volitional formation) as the second factor in the twelve links of dependent origination.

– Dependent on ignorance (avijjā), volitional formation (saṅkhāra) arises,Dependent on the volitional formation (saṅkhāra), consciousness (viññāna) arises, and so on throughout twelve links, thus arises this entire mass of suffering.(

Meditation TrainingIn the dependent origination of 12-links, saṅkhāra is past kamma and kamma-bhava (existence) is present kamma.

-In our many past lives we had created many saṅkhāra kamma; i.e., good, bad, or mixed kamma which are always waiting for the chance to give the result.

-If we have a teacher who can teach Dependent Origination and Vipassanā practice, then we will not create kamma-bhava. If not, we create kamma all the times. Cetanā kammaṁ ahaṁ vadāmi in pāḷi, which means the seed of volitional formation (cetanā) is called action (kamma).

– We can observe our minds at viññāna (consciousness) or vedanā (feeling) or taṇhā (craving) or upadāna (clinging) (see the 12-links of D.O).

Meditation Tips

-Saṅkhāra kamma always gives the result. Without the ignorance (avijjā) ceases then the saṅkhāra not ceases, the saṅkhāra not ceases always connect the khandha (aggregate) process. By meeting a spiritual friend (kalyana-mitta) can stop the kamma-bhava.

– Who want Nibbāna have to cut off kamma by doing Vipassanā. Any realm of existence is the power of kammic energy. Cutting off kamma is the power of knowledge.

-Every dāna (generosity) done by seeing dukkha saccā (suffering truth) does not continue the round of existence (saṁsara).


“The Body”

As the breath fades, the mind relaxes, and the body also begins to relax. Observe the body as a (body) form. It’s not self, but only a shell, a rūpa, that temporarily supports consciousness.As observed, the body, let the breath and body fade. (Credit to Steve Lin from FB)

The Five Rituals

First of all, there are some things to do before practicing Vipassanā meditation.

1. You should offer yourself to the Buddha during practicing meditation saying “May I offer myself, Ven. Sir.”.

2. If you have done wrong physically, verbally, and mentally to the teachers, parents, you should apologize to them so as to get rid of your sins.

3. You should send your loving-kindness to guardian devas (gods or deities) of persons, houses, towns, Sāsanā Teachings and all beings to be healthy and happy. May they be free from suffering.

4. You should state thus: “May all my wholesome offering is done in previous and present existences conduce to the attainment of the Path, the Fruition, and Nirvana.”

5. “I have died in many existences. I must practice Vipassanā meditation before I die in this existence.” You must be mindful of death. (Credit to “how to Live as a Good Buddhist” Vol.II, Trans; U Han Htay and U Chit Tin.)

Self-Guided Meditation

– At first, contemplate and see the impermanence of the khandha (aggregate), and then make a resolution by wanting to free from the vaṭṭa dukkha round of dukkha (suffering) existence. The dāna (donation or charity or generosity) is enriching by Vipassanā (Anguttara Nikāya).

– (Mogok Sayadaw used the Sammādiṭṭhi Sutta, MN9 or MN I 46, from the Majjhima Nikāya to explain the two types of the worldling.)

(1) Worldling outside the Sāsanā (Buddha’s teaching period), believe in kamma (saṅkhāra), so kammassakata sammā-dhiṭṭhi. By itself alone not realize Nibbāna.

(2) Worldling inside the Sāsanā, believe in kamma (saṅkhāra) also and get the knowledge (Vipassanā ñāna) of impermanence, so can realize Nibbāna. (Ref: Above Suttas and Mogok Sayadaw’s dhamma talk, 23rd Nov. 1960.)

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